William A. Wurts, Ph.D.
Senior State Specialist for Aquaculture
Cooperative Extension Program
Kentucky State University at
UK Research and Education Center
P.O. Box 469 / 1205 Hopkinsville Street
Princeton, KY 42445-0469
FAX: 270/365-2667
E-mail: wawurts@gmail.com 

EDUCATION

Texas A&M University, 1987.
Doctorate. Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences - aquaculture, applied fish physiology, and growth/production biology.

Texas A&M University, 1981.
Master of Agriculture. Fisheries Science -- aquaculture.

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, 1975-1978.
Graduate Studies. Medical sciences.
Graduate course work (68 hours) which included: biochemistry, physiology, anatomy, cell biology, pathology, microbiology, immunology, pharmacology, genetics, et.al.

University of Texas at Austin, 1975 -- summa cum laude.
Bachelor of Arts. Biology major and chemistry minor. 
Phi Beta Kappa and Phi Kappa Phi.

PROGRAM & EMPHASIS

William A. Wurts received his doctorate from Texas A&M University in 1987. Research and academics focused on aquaculture, physiology and growth biology. He received his Master of Agriculture in Fisheries Science from Texas A&M University in 1981. Dr. Wurts studied graduate medical sciences at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas from 1975-1978. He earned a Bachelor of Arts with Highest Honors from the University of Texas at Austin (1975) and was awarded memberships in the Phi Beta Kappa and Phi Kappa Phi academic honors societies. Recent work focused on feeding practices, stabilizing water quality, and low-input, small-scale and home-use aquaculture. Past research included applied physiology with marine, freshwater, and euryhaline species as well as effects of hardness and alkalinity on copper toxicity to aquatic life. He has developed several technologies for the aquaculture industry -- of note are airlift pumps.

As Senior State Specialist for Aquaculture at Kentucky State University (27 years), he provided education and consultation for colleagues, Cooperative Extension professionals, producers, and the public about aquaculture and water quality management. He designed, planned, and conducted field research and on-farm demonstrations. His programs facilitated the development of an aquaculture industry in collaboration with the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service, government agencies, and other organizations. Areas of specialization include aquaculture, airlift technology, applied physiology, water quality and ecosystem management as well as growth and production biology. Interests encompass sustainable aquaculture, growth biology, pond dynamics, improving systems efficiency, and waste nutrient recapture through polyculture.

PUBLICATIONS

Wurts, W.A.  2016. An Abandoned Marine Quarry: A Unique Resource for Aquaculture  World Aquaculture, 47(3): 60-63.

Wurts, W.A.  2014. Practicality of using liquid lime suspensions and pelleted lime for liming ponds.World Aquaculture, 45(2): 30-31.

Wurts, W.A. 2012. Rectangular airlift pump design outperforms cylindrical units. Global Aquaculture Advocate, 15(6): 77-78 (November/December).

Wurts, W.A. 2012. Rectangular airlift pump design. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture, pp. 76-78.

Wurts, W.A. 2012. Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus growth in single and multiple batch production. World Aquaculture, 42(1): 64-66.

Wynne, F.S. and W.A. Wurts. 2011. Transportation of warmwater fish: equipment and guidelines. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication 390.

Wurts, W.A. 2010. Farming algal fuel: economics challenge process potential. Global Aquaculture Advocate, 13(4): 71-73 (July/August). Slideshow

Wurts, W.A. 2010. Paddlefish Polyodon spathula polyculture with freshwater shrimp Macrobrachium rosenbergii. World Aquaculture, 41(2): 30-31.

Wynne, F. and W.A. Wurts. 2009. Live Hauling Channel Catfish. Kentucky State University, Division of Aquaculture, Cooperative Extension Program: 27 pp.

Wurts, W.A. 2007. Sustainable aquaculture: concept or practice. In Biotechnology, [Eds. Horst W. Doelle, and Edgar J.DaSilva], in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford ,UK, [http://www.eolss.net] 

Wurts, W.A. 2007. Low Input Shrimp Farming in Kentucky, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. World Aquaculture, 38(4): 44-49.  

Wurts, W.A. 2005. Live fish transport using compressed and liquid oxygen. World Aquaculture, 37(3): 26-27. 

Wurts, W.A. and M. P. Masser. 2004. Liming Ponds for Aquaculture. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication 4100.

Wurts, W.A. 2004. Small-scale and home-use channel catfish farming in Kentucky. World Aquaculture, 35(3): 8-9.

Wurts, W.A. 2004. Organic fertilization in culture ponds. World Aquaculture, 35(2): 64-65 .

Wurts, W.A. 2003. Daily pH cycle and ammonia toxicity. World Aquaculture, 34(2): 20-21.

Wurts, W.A. 2002. Alkalinity and hardness in production ponds. World Aquaculture, 33(1): 16-17.

Tidwell, J.H., S. Coyle, R.M. Durborow, S. Dasgupta, W. Wurts, and Forrest Wynne, Leigh Anne Bright, and Aaron VanArnum. 2002. Growout of freshwater prawns in Kentucky ponds. Kentucky State University Aquaculture Program (Program of Distinction) 44 p.

Wurts, W.A. 2001. Review of feeding practices for channel catfish production. World Aquaculture, 32(4): 16-17 & 68.

Wurts, W.A. 2000. Sustainable aquaculture in the twenty-first century. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 8(2): 141-150.

Wurts, W.A. 2000. Baitfish farming in the United States: a Kentucky experience. World Aquaculture, 31(2): 55-56.

Perschbacher, P. W. and W. A. Wurts. 1999. Effects of calcium and magnesium hardness on acute copper toxicity to juvenile channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Aquaculture, 172: 275-280.

Wurts, W. A. 1998. Why do some fish normally live in freshwater and others in saltwater? How can some fish adapt to both? Scientific American: Ask the Experts: Biology. http://www.sciam.com, 1/19/98: 3-4.

Wurts, W. A. 1998. Why can some fish live in fresh water, some in salt water, and some in both? World Aquaculture, 29(1): 65.

Wurts, W. A. 1997. World Report: FDA requires HACCP plan and training for U.S. fish processors and importers. World Aquaculture, 28(3): 62-65.

Wurts, W. A. (editor). 1995. Catfish Focus. In: World Aquaculture, 26(3): 41-81.

Wurts, W. A. and F. Wynne. 1995. Sustainable channel catfish farming: low management production through modified stocking and feeding practices. World Aquaculture, 26(3): 54-59.

Wurts, W. A. 1995. Using salt to reduce handling stress in channel catfish. World Aquaculture, 26(3): 80-81.

Wurts, W. A. and P. W. Perschbacher. 1994. Effects of bicarbonate alkalinity and calcium on the acute toxicity of copper to juvenile channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquaculture, 125: 73-79.

Webster, C. D., W. A. Wurts, J. H. Tidwell, L. S. Goodgame, J. A. Clark. 1994. Effects of stocking density on growth of juvenile channel catfish overwintered in ponds. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 4(3): 79-87.

Wurts, W. A., S. G. McNeill and D. G. Overhults. 1994. Performance and design characteristics of airlift pumps for field applications. World Aquaculture, 25(4): 51-54.

Wurts, W. A. 1993. Transporting channel catfish fry and fingerlings in plastic bags. World Aquaculture, 24(3): 85.

Wurts, W. A. 1993. Dealing with oxygen depletion in ponds. World Aquaculture, 24(2): 108-109.

Wurts, W. A. 1993. Harvesting fish ponds. World Aquaculture, 24(1): 56-57.

Wurts, W. A. 1993. Understanding water hardness. World Aquaculture, 24(1): 18.

Wurts, W. A. and R. R. Stickney. 1993. Growth rates of juvenile red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) reared on commercial salmon feed in fresh and salt water. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 24(3): 422-424.

Wurts, W. A. and R. M. Durborow. 1992. Interactions of pH, carbon dioxide, alkalinity and hardness in fish ponds. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center Publication No. 464.

Wurts, W. A. 1992. The seafood issue: safety vs. quality. World Aquaculture, 23(3): 40-41.

Wurts, W. A. 1992. Basics of aquaculture site selection. World Aquaculture, 23(3): 42-43.

Masser, M. P. and W. A. Wurts. 1992. Managing recreational fish ponds. World Aquaculture, 23(2): 41-47.

Wurts, W. A. 1992. Guidelines for producing food-size channel catfish. World Aquaculture, 23(1): 70-72.

Wurts, W. A. 1992. Aquaculture outlook for Kentucky. World Aquaculture, 23(2): 36-37.

Wurts, W. A. and R. R. Stickney. 1989. Responses of red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) to calcium and magnesium concentrations in fresh and salt water. Aquaculture, 76: 21-35.

Wurts, W. A. 1987. An evaluation of specific ionic and growth parameters affecting the feasibility of commercially producing red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus). Doctoral dissertation. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

Stickney, R. R. and W. A. Wurts. 1986. Responses of Tilapia aurea to selected levels of dietary menhaden and catfish oils. Progressive Fish-Culturist, 48: 107-109.

Wurts, W. A. and R. R. Stickney. 1984. An hypothesis on the light requirements for spawning penaeid shrimp with emphasis on Penaeus setiferus. Aquaculture, 41: 93-98.

Stickney, R. R., R. B. McGeachin, D. H. Lewis, J. Marks, A. Riggs, R. F. Sis, E. H. Robinson and W. A. Wurts. 1984. Responses of Tilapia aurea to dietary vitamin C. Journal of the World Mariculture Society, 15: 179-185.

Wurts, W.A. 2014. Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus food conversion ratios, feeding rates, and growth. Presented at the national professional aquaculture conference, Aquaculture America 2014 in Seattle, WA (02/12/2014). Book of Abstracts, p. 555.

Wurts, W.A. 2013. Rectangular airlift pumps: concept and designs. Invited presentation for the Non- Traditional Aquaculture special session at Aquaculture 2013, the triennial international conference of the WAS, AFS and NSA in Nashville, TN, 2/23/2013. Book of Abstracts, p. 1188.

Wurts, W.A. 2013. Sustainable aquaculture: adapt to survive. Invited presentation for the Non- Traditional Aquaculture special session at Aquaculture 2013, the triennial international conference of the WAS, AFS and NSA in Nashville, TN, 2/23/2013. Book of Abstracts, p. 1187.

Wurts, W.A. 2013. Farming algal fuel: obstacles and objectives. Invited presentation for the Non- Traditional Aquaculture special session at Aquaculture 2013, the triennial international conference of the WAS, AFS and NSA in Nashville, TN, 2/23/2013. Book of Abstracts, p. 1186.

Wurts, W.A.  2012.  Rectangular airlift pump design.  Selected presentation at the the 9th International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture, 08/24/2012. Proceedings, pp. 76-78.

Wurts, W.A. 2012. Stocking density, single or multiple batch production and channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus growthPresentation at Aquaculture 2012; Las Vegas, NV; 03/01/12. Book of Abstracts, p. 536.

Wurts, W.A. 2012. Channel catfish density and growth in single or multiple batch production.Selected presentation at the 2012 Catfish Research Symposium: Catfish Farmers of America.; Savannah, GA; 02/17/12. Proceedings, p. 24.

Wurts, W.A. 2011. Sustainable small-scale catfish farmingPresentation at Aquaculture 2011; New Orleans, LA; 03/02/11Book of Abstracts, p. 497.

Wurts, W.A. 2010. Sustainable aquaculture: the changing horizon. Invited presentation at World Aquaculture 2010, the triennial international conference of the WAS, AFS and NSA in San Diego, CA (03/02/10) . Book of Abstracts, p. 1104. 

Wurts, W.A. 2010. Salt use to reduce stress. Invited presentation at World Aquaculture 2010, the triennial international conference of the WAS, AFS and NSA in San Diego, CA (03/04/10) . Book of Abstracts, p. 1107.

Wurts, W.A. 2010. Farming algal fuel: and aquaculture production perspective. Invited presentation at World Aquaculture 2010, the triennial international conference of the WAS, AFS and NSA in San Diego, CA (03/04/10) . Book of Abstracts, p. 1105.

Wurts, W.A. 2010. Low input aquaculture. Invited presentation at World Aquaculture 2010, the triennial international conference of the WAS, AFS and NSA in San Diego, CA (03/04/10) . Book of Abstracts, p. 1106.

Wurts, W.A. 2009. Small-scale, low-input aquaculture: return on an investment. Presented in the General Aquaculture session at Aquaculture 2009, the National Conference and Exposition of the US Aquaculture Society, the National Aquaculture Association and the USASA, Seattle, WA, February 18, 2009. Book of Abstracts, p. 379.

Wurts, W.A. 2008. Polyculture of paddlefish Polyodon spathula in ponds used for low-input shrimp production. Presented in the Freshwater Fish Culture session at Aquaculture 2008, the National Conference and Exposition of the US Aquaculture Society, the National Aquaculture Association and the USASA, Orlando, FL, February 11.

Wurts, W.A. 2008. Cooperative extension: research and technology vs. reality. Invited presentation for the Student Careers Seminar at Aquaculture 2008, the National Conference and Exposition of the US Aquaculture Society, the National Aquaculture Association and the USASA, Orlando, FL, February 10.

Wurts, W.A. 2007. Low-input shrimp farming in Kentucky, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Americian Fisheries Society held in San Antonio, TX; March 2, 2007. Book of Abstracts, p. 1008.

Wurts, W.A. 2007. Small-scale and home-use aquaculture in Kentucky. The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Americian Fisheries Society held in San Antonio, TX; March 2, 2007. Book of Abstracts, p. 1006.

Wurts, W.A. 2007. Liming ponds. The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Americian Fisheries Society held in San Antonio, TX; March 2, 2007. Book of Abstracts, p. 1007.

Dasgupta, S., W. Wurts, R. Durborow.  2007. Can Catfish Aquaculture be Profitable in Farm Ponds?  Selected Paper prepared for presentation at the Southern Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meetings Mobile, Alabama, February 4-7, 2007. Proceedings.

Wurts, W.A. 2006. Low-input shrimp farming in Kentucky, 2002-2004 Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The national conference and exposition of the US Aquaculture Society, the National Aquaculture Association and the US Aquaculture Suppliers Association held in Las Vegas, NV; February 14, 2006. Book of Abstracts, p. 357.

Wurts, W.A. 2005. Using salt for live fish transport. Invited presentation at the Special Session of Aquaculture America 2005: Live Transport of Aquatic Organisms. The national conference and exposition of the US Aquaculture Society, the National Aquaculture Association and the US Aquaculture Suppliers Association in New Orleans, LA. Book of Abstracts, p. 499.

Wurts, W.A. 2005. Transporting channel catfish fry and eggs. Invited presentation at the Special Session of Aquaculture America 2005: Live Transport of Aquatic Organisms. The national conference and exposition of the US Aquaculture Society, the National Aquaculture Association and the US Aquaculture Suppliers Association in New Orleans, LA. Book of Abstracts, p. 500.

Wurts, W.A. 2004. Low-input shrimp farming Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Aquaculture 2004 -- the international triennial meeting of the World Aquaculture Society, National Shellfisheries Association, and the American Fisheries Society Fish Culture Section. Honolulu, HI. Book of Abstracts, p. 652.

Wurts, W.A. 2004. Shunt Biofiltration: a concept and design for increasing capacity. Aquaculture 2004 -- the international triennial meeting of the World Aquaculture Society, National Shellfisheries Association, and the American Fisheries Society Fish Culture Section. Honolulu, HI. Book of Abstracts, p. 652.

Wurts, W.A. 2004. Low and Reduced Input Aquaculture. Organizer, coordinator and chair of this invited special session at Aquaculture 2004 -- the international triennial meeting of the World Aquaculture Society, National Shellfisheries Association, and the American Fisheries Society Fish Culture Section. Honolulu, HI.

Wurts, W.A. 2003. Production Challenges in Aquaculture. Session organizer and chair, special session at Aquaculture America 2003. The national conference and exposition of the US Aquaculutre Society, the National Aqauculture Association and the US Aquaculture Suppliers Association in Louisville, KY.

Wurts, W.A. 2003. Stabilizing water quality for production of freshwater shrimp Machrobrachium Rosenbergii. Special Session at Aquaculture America 2003: Production Challenges in Aquaculture. The national conference and exposition of the US Aquaculutre Society, the National Aqauculture Association and the US Aquaculture Suppliers Association in Louisville, KY. Book of Abstracts, p. 338.

Wurts, W.A. 2003. Challenges for channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus production in Kentucky. Special Session at Aquaculture America 2003: Production Challenges in Aquaculture. The national conference and exposition of the US Aquaculutre Society, the National Aqauculture Association and the US Aquaculture Suppliers Association in Louisville, KY. Book of Abstracts, p. 338.

Wurts, W.A. 2003. Small-scale channel catfish farming in Kentucky. In, Small Scale Aquaculture: Proceedings of the Special Session Aquaculture 2002, a publication of the Association of 1890 Research Directors. UAPB Printing Services, Pine Bluff, AR. pp. 1-2.

Wurts, W. A. 2002. Small-scale catfish farming. Proceedings: Agriculture Situation and Outlook, Fall 2002; ESM 28, October 2002, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Kentucky, pp 63-64.

Wurts, W. A. 2002. Small-scale channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus farming in Kentucky. Invited paper presented at the Special Session on Small-Scale Aquaculture at Aquaculture America 2002; San Diego, CA – the national conference of the U.S. Aquaculture Society, the National Aquaculture Association and the USASA, January 27-30, 2002. Book of Abstracts, p. 369.

Wurts, W. A. 2001. Status of Kentucky aquaculture. Proceedings: Agriculture Situation and Outlook, Fall 2001; Economic Subject Matter Meetings, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Kentucky, pp. 43-46.

Wurts, W. A. 2001. Bio-mechanical plankton harvest: a conceptual model for the culture of multiple species. Presented at Aquaculture 2001 -- The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society. Book of Abstracts, p. 704.

Wurts, W. A. 2000. Sustainable aquaculture in the twenty-first century. Proceedings of the 2000 Catfish Culture Research Symposium at the Annual Meeting of the Catfish Farmers of America, Albuquerque, NM. Abstract.

Wurts, W.A. 1999. Sustainable aquaculture for a new century. Proceedings of the 9th National Extension, Wildlife, Fisheries, and Aquaculture Conference -- Leading the Way Toward Sustainability: Extension in the New Millennium, pp. 189-193.

Wurts, W. A. 1999. Sustainable aquaculture: concepts and perceptions. Presented at Aquaculture America '99; Tampa, FL -- The annual conference of the U.S. Chapter of the World Aquaculture Society and the National Aquaculture Association, January, 1999. Book of Abstracts, p. 217.

Wurts, W. A. 1998. Co-chaired general nutrition session at Aquaculture '98; Las Vegas, NV -- The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society.

Wurts, W. A. 1998. Developing feeding tables for aquaculture: using channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus and red drum Sciaenops ocellatus as models. Presented at Aquaculture '98; Las Vegas, NV -- The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society. Book of Abstracts, p. 589.

Wurts, W.A. 1997. Judge, zoology section: Intel International Science and Engineering Fair. Louisville, KY, May 10-16, 1997.

Perschbacher, P. W. and W. A. Wurts. 1997. Effects of calcium and magnesium hardness on acute copper toxicity to juvenile channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Presented at Aquaculture '97; Seattle, WA -- The annual international conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society. Book of Abstracts, p. 507.

Perschbacher, P. W. and W. A. Wurts. 1997. Effects of calcium and magnesium hardness on acute copper toxicity to juvenile channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. Proceedings of the 1997 Catfish Culture Research Symposium, Nashville, TN. Abstract.

Wurts, W. A. 1996. Chaired Pond Management session at the 1996 National Extension Wildlife and Fisheries Specialists Workshop: Educational Challenges for the 21st Century. Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA.

Wurts, W. A. 1996. Sustainable fish farming: all you need is a 5-gallon bucket and a pickup truck. Presented (proceedings) at the 1996 National Extension Wildlife and Fisheries Specialists Workshop: Educational Challenges for the 21st Century. Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA.

Wurts, W. A. 1995. Managing ponds for largemouth bass and sustainable channel catfish production. Presentation (proceedings) invited by the government of Sonora, Mexico at the Reunion de Analisis y Perspectivas Sobre el Cultivo de Peces Commerciales in Navojoa, Sonora.

Wurts, W. A., F. Wynne and R. D. Howerton. 1995. Advanced feeding practices and low stocking density for sustainable channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) production. Presented at Aquaculture '95 -- the triennial joint meeting of the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society, the World Aquaculture Society, and the National Shellfisheries Association, San Diego, CA. Book of Abstracts, p. 248.

Wurts, W. A. and P. W. Perschbacher. 1994. Effects of bicarbonate alkalinity and calcium on the acute toxicity of copper to juvenile channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Presented at the annual meeting of the World Aquaculture Society, New Orleans, LA: January, 1994. Abstracts, p. 181.

Wurts, W. A. and F. Wynne. 1994. Winter growth of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fingerlings stocked at low density in early autumn. Presented at Aquaculture '94, the annual meeting of the World Aquaculture Society, New Orleans, LA: January, 1994. Abstracts, p. 190.

Wurts, W. A., D. A. Davis and E. H. Robinson. 1993. Polyculture of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) with blue tilapia (Tilapia aurea): using tilapia progeny as forage. Presented at the annual meeting of the U.S. Chapter of the World Aquaculture Society, Hilton Head, SC. Abstract, p. 56.

Wurts, W. A. and R. R. Stickney. 1992. Growth rates of juvenile red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) reared on commercial salmon feed in fresh and salt water. Presented at Aquaculture '92, Orlando, FL; joint meeting of the National Shellfisheries Association, the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society and the World Aquaculture Society. Abstracts, p. 239.

Wurts, W. A. 1992. The seafood issue: safety vs. quality. Fact sheet: Food Safety Media Exposition 1992; Lexington, KY.

Wurts, W. A., S. G. McNeill and D. G. Overhults. 1992. Performance characteristics of airlift pumps in the field. Proceedings of the National Extension Aquaculture Workshop 1992; Little Rock, AR. Facilities section, pp. 1-5.

Wurts, W. A. and J. T. Davis. 1991. Aquaculture animal damage control, in: Future directions for cooperative extension wildlife, fisheries, and aquaculture programs 1991-2000. Proceedings of the National Extension Wildlife and Fisheries Workshop, pp. 45-46.

Wurts, W. A., S. G. McNeill and D. G. Overhults. 1990. Field evaluation of airlift de-stratifier pumping performance. Annual meeting of the World Aquaculture Society, Halifax, N.S.; Abstracts, p. 36.

Wurts, W. A. and E. H. Robinson. 1986. The effects of environmental calcium and magnesium on growth and survival of juvenile red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) in marine and fresh water. Annual meeting of the World Mariculture Society, Reno, NV; abstract.

Wurts, W. A. and E. H. Robinson. 1985. Polyculture of red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) and tilapia (Tilapia aurea): using tilapia as forage. Annual meeting of the World Mariculture Society, Orlando, FL; abstract.

Robinson, E. H., W. H. Daniels, C. D. Williams, and W. A. Wurts. 1984. Diet development and environmental ion requirements for fingerling red fish (Sciaenops ocellatus). Fish Farming Conference and Annual Convention, Fish Farmers of Texas, pp. 44-50.

Wurts, W.A. 2001. Review of feeding practices for channel catfish production. The Aquaculture News, 9(11): 12-13.

Wurts, W.A. 2000. Aquatic plants in Kentucky. Aquaculture Magazine, 26(4): 25.

Wurts, W.A. 2000. Tilapia: potential in Kentucky. Aquaculture Magazine, 26(1): 25.

Wurts, W. A. 1999. Potential for small-scale baitfish production in Kentucky explored. The Aquaculture News, 7(9): 20.

Wurts, W. A. 1998. Why can some fish live in fresh water, some in salt water, and some in both? The Aquaculture News, 6(11): 12.

Wurts, W. A. 1997. FDA requires training/plan for U.S. processors, importers by year end. The Aquaculture News, 5(9): 2-3.

Wurts, W. A. 1994. Winter growth of channel catfish. Aquaculture Magazine, 20(1): 26.

Wurts, W. A. 1993. Safety, quality issues concerning seafood explored. The Aquaculture News, 1(5): 14-16.

Wurts, W. A. 1992. Using salt to transport live fish. Water Farming Journal, 7(5): 18-19.

Wurts, W. A. 1992. Harvesting fish ponds. Farm Pond Harvest, 26(4): 8.

Wurts, W. A. 1992. Can I raise catfish for profit?: the principles of aquaculture; in T. G. Barnes, L. R. Kiesel, J. R. Martin (eds.); Private Lands Wildlife Management: a technical guidance manual and correspondence course. Section VII, Chapter 24.

Masser, M. P. and W. A. Wurts. 1992. How do I manage my farm pond for fishing?; in T. G. Barnes, L. R. Kiesel, J. R. Martin (eds.); Private Lands Wildlife Management: a technical guidance manual and correspondence course. Section VII, Chapter 23.

Wurts, W. A. and F. Wynne, editors. 1991. Kentucky Aquaculture Conference, East --1991-- West (manual). 106 pp.

Wurts, W. A., editor. 1990. Western Kentucky Aquaculture Conference (manual). 85 pp.

Wurts, W.A., S. D. Mims and R. J. Onders. 2008. Paddlefish Polyodon spathula polyculture in low-input shrimp Macrobrachium rosenbergii ponds. Kentucky Aquatic Farming 21(2): 3-4.

Wurts, W.A. 2005. Low Input Shrimp Farming in Kentucky: 2002-2005, Macrobrachium rosenbergii Kentucky Aquatic Farming , 18(4).

Wurts, W.A. 2004. Production guidelines for small-scale and home-use catfish farming. Kentucky Aquatic Farming, 17(2): 6.

Wurts, W.A. 2004. Aeration equipment. Newsletter of the Purchase Area Aquaculture Cooperative, August/September, 2004, pp. 4-5.

Wurts, W.A. 2004. Low oxygen in ponds. Newsletter of the Purchase Area Aquaculture Cooperative, June-July, 2004, p. 6.

Wurts, W.A. 2004. Low-input shrimp farming 2004. Purchase Area Aquaculture Cooperative Newsletter (May), p. 5.

Wurts, W.A. 2003. Organic fertilization in production ponds. Kentucky Aquatic Farming, 16(1): 2-3.

Wurts, W.A. 2002. Low-input shrimp farming demonstration. Kentucky Aquatic Farming, 15(4): 4.

Thompson, K.R., L.A. Muzinic, C.D. Webster, W.A. Wurts, and S. Dasgupta. 2002. Small-scale pond production of the red claw crayfish in Kentucky. Kentucky Aquatic Farming, 15(4): 6-8.

Wurts, W.A. 2002. Small-scale catfish farming. Kentucky Aquatic Farming, 15(4): 4.

Wurts, W.A. 2002. Pond pH and ammonia toxicity. 15(3): 4.

Wurts, W. A. 2002. Alkalinity and hardness in production ponds. Kentucky Aquatic Farming, 15(1): 6.

Wurts, W. A. 2001. Feeding channel catfish -- part II. Kentucky Fish Farming, 14(3): 2-4.

Wurts, W. A. 2001. Feeding practices for channel catfish production. Kentucky Fish Farming, 14(2) : 2-3.

Wurts, W. A. 2001. Faster Growing Catfish: USDA Strain 103. Kentucky Fish Farming, 14(2): 11.

Wurts, W. A. 1999. Tilapia: a potential species for Kentucky fish farms. Kentucky Fish Farming, 12(2): 3.

Wurts, W. A. 1999. Aquatic Plants: a new crop for Kentucky's water farmers. Kentucky Fish Farming, 12(2): 3.

Wurts, W. A. 1999. Opportunity for baitfish production in Kentucky. Kentucky Fish Farming, 12(1): 6.

Wurts, W. A. 1999. Sustainable aquaculture: concepts and perceptions. Kentucky Fish Farming, 12(1): 5.

Wurts, W. A. 1998. Why can some fish life in fresh water, some in salt water, and some in both? Kentucky Fish Farming, 11(4): 6.

Wurts, W. A. 1998. Managing recreational fish ponds. Kentucky Fish Farming, 11(1): 1-8.

Wurts, W. A. 1997. FDA requires HACCP training/plan for U.S. fish processors and importers by December 1997. Kentucky Fish Farming, 10(2): 3-6.

Wurts, W.A. 1995. Sustainable channel catfish farming: low management production through modified stocking and feeding practices. Kentucky Fish Farming, 8(3): 2-6.

Howerton, R. D., F. Wynne, W. A. Wurts, and R. M. Durborow. 1994. Using Kentucky grown hybrid striped bass in pay lakes. Kentucky Fish Farming, 7(2).

Wurts, W. A., F. Wynne, and R. D. Howerton. 1994. Low management/advanced feeding, aquaculture demonstration. Kentucky Fish Farming, 7(1).

Wurts, W. A., F. Wynne, R. D. Howerton, and R. M. Durborow. 1994. Hybrid striped bass demonstration in a Graves Co. pay lake. Kentucky Fish Farming, 7(1).

Wurts, W. A. 1993. Winter growth of channel catfish fingerlings stocked at low density in early autumn. Kentucky Fish Farming, 6(3).

Wurts, W. A. 1993. The seafood issue: safety vs. quality. Kentucky Fish Farming, 6(1).

Wurts, W. A. 1992. Harvesting fish ponds, WKY-217. Kentucky Fish Farming, 5(1).

Wurts, W. A. 1991. Transporting channel catfish fry and fingerlings in plastic bags, WKY-215. Kentucky Fish Farming, 4(2).

Wurts, W. A. 1991. Basics of aquaculture site selection, WKY-213. Kentucky Fish Farming, 4(1).

Wurts, W. A., R. M. Durborow and F. Wynne. 1991. Aquaculture extension program. Natural Resources Newsletter, 10(2): University of Kentucky Department of Forestry.

Wurts, W. A. 1990. Pure oxygen and live fish transport, WKY-214. Kentucky Fish Farming, 3(2).

Wurts, W. A. 1990. Update: use of bluestone (copper sulfate) for algae control. Kentucky Fish Farming, 3(1).

Wurts, W. A. 1990. Aquaculture: outlook for western Kentucky. Natural Resources Newsletter, 8(1): University of Kentucky Department of Forestry.

Wurts, W. A. 1989. Temporary storage of fresh fish. Kentucky Fish Farming, 2(4).

Wurts, W. A. 1989. Pond aeration. Kentucky Fish Farming, 2(3).

Wurts, W. A. 1989. Understanding water hardness, WKY-213. Kentucky Fish Farming, 2(2).

Wurts, W. A. 1991. Basic cost and market value estimates for channel catfish production.

Wurts, W. A. 1990. Low oxygen and pond aeration, WKY-211.

Wurts, W. A. 1990. Guidelines for producing food-size channel catfish, WKY-212.

Masser, M. P. and W. A. Wurts. 1990. Managing recreational fish ponds, WKY-191.

ONLINE LITERATURE

RECREATIONAL FISH PRODUCTION
As: Managing recreational fish ponds. World Aquaculture, 23(2): 41-47.
GUIDELINES FOR PRODUCING FOOD-SIZE CHANNEL CATFISH
World Aquaculture, 23(1): 70-72.

FEEDING CHANNEL CATFISH.
As: Review of feeding practices for channel catfish production. World Aquaculture, 32(4): 16-17 & 68.

CHANNEL CATFISH GROWTH IN SINGLE AND MULTIPLE-BATCH PRODUCTION 
World Aquaculture, 42(1): 64-66.

SMALL-SCALE AND HOME-USE CHANNEL CATFISH FARMING IN KENTUCKY
World Aquaculture, 35(3): 8-9.

PRODUCTION GUIDELINES FOR SMALL-SCALE AND HOME-USE CATFISH FARMING 
Kentucky Aquatic Farming, 17(2): 6.

SUSTAINABLE CHANNEL CATFISH FARMING
Low management production through modified stocking and feeding practices.
World Aquaculture, 26(3): 54-59.

BASIC COST AND MARKET VALUE ESTIMATES FOR CHANNEL CATFISH PRODUCTION.
World Aquaculture, 23(1): 70-72.

CATFISH FARMING IN KENTUCKY 
Robert M. Durborow, Ph.D., Kentucky State University CEP

AQUACULTURE SITE SELECTION.
World Aquaculture, 23(3): 42-43.

LOW OXYGEN AND POND AERATION
As: Dealing with oxygen depletion in ponds. World Aquaculture, 24(2): 108-109

HARVESTING FISH PONDS.
World Aquaculture, 24(1): 56-57.

TEMPORARY STORAGE OF FRESH FISH.
World Aquaculture, 23(1): 71.

WATERSHED FISH PRODUCTION PONDS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 102

CONSTRUCTION OF LEVEE PONDS FOR COMMERCIAL CATFISH PRODUCTION 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 101

WATER GARDENS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 435

CHANNEL CATFISH: LIFE HISTORY AND BIOLOGY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 180

LIMING PONDS FOR AQUACULTURE
Wurts, W.A. and M.P. Masser. 2004. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4100.

PRACTICALITY OF LIQUID LIME SUSPENSIONS AND PELLETED LIME FOR LIMING PONDS.
World Aquaculture, 45(2): 30-31.

LOW OXYGEN AND POND AERATION
As: Dealing with oxygen depletion in ponds. World Aquaculture, 24(2): 108-109.

PRODUCTION LIMITS AND POND BIOMASS
In: Sustainable aquaculture in the twenty-first century. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 8(2): pp. 146-147. 

DAILY PH CYCLE AND AMMONIA TOXICITY.
World Aquaculture, 34(2):20-21.

MANAGING HIGH pH IN FRESHWATER PONDS 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4604

MANAGING AMMONIA IN PONDS 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4603.

NITRITE IN FISH PONDS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 462.

INTERACTIONS OF PH, CARBON DIOXIDE, ALKALINITY AND HARDNESS IN FISH PONDS.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 464.

ALKALINITY AND HARDNESS IN PRODUCTION PONDS.
World Aquaculture, 33(1): 16-17.

UNDERSTANDING WATER HARDNESS 
World Aquaculture, 24(1): 18. 

EFFECTS OF BICARBONATE ALKALINITY AND CALCIUM ON THE ACUTE TOXICITY OF COPPER TO JUVENILE CHANNEL CATFISH (ICTALURUS PUNCTATUS).
Aquaculture, 125: 73-79.

EFFECTS OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM HARDNESS ON ACUTE COPPER TOXICITY TO JUVENILE CHANNEL CATFISH ICTALURUS PUNCTATUS.
Aquaculture, 172: 275-280.

CONTROL OF CLAY TURBIDITY IN PONDS 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 460.

Wurts, W.A.  2016.  AN ABANDONED MARINE QUARRY: A UNIQUE RESOURCE FOR AQUACULTURE  World Aquaculture, 47(3): 60-63.

SUSTAINABLE AQUACULTURE IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
Reviews in Fisheries Science, 8(2): 141-150.

SUSTAINABLE CHANNEL CATFISH FARMING
Low management production through modified stocking and feeding practices.
World Aquaculture, 26(3): 54-59.

LOW-INPUT SHRIMP FARMING IN KENTUCKYMacrobrachium rosenbergii 
World Aquaculture (In press).  

LOW-INPUT SHRIMP FARMING DEMONSTRATION.
Kentucky Aquatic Farming, 15(4): 4.

ORGANIC FERTILIZATION IN PRODUCTION PONDS
As, Organic fertilization in culture ponds. World Aquaculture, 35(2): 64-65 

SMALL-SCALE AND HOME-USE CHANNEL CATFISH FARMING IN KENTUCKY
In, Small Scale Aquaculture: Proceedings of the Special Session Aquaculture 2002, a publication of the Association of 1890 Research Directors. UAPB Printing Services, Pine Bluff, AR. pp. 1-2.

PRODUCTION GUIDELINES FOR SMALL-SCALE AND HOME-USE CATFISH FARMING
Kentucky Aquatic Farming, 17(2): 6.

PLANKTON HARVEST AND POLYCULTURE
Presented as: Bio-mechanical plankton harvest: a conceptual model for the culture of multiple species. Presented at Aquaculture 2001 -- The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society. Book of Abstracts, p. 704. 

PRODUCTION LIMITS AND POND BIOMASS
In: Sustainable aquaculture in the twenty-first century. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 8(2): pp. 146-147.

SUSTAINABLE AQUACULTURE: CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS 
Presented at Aquaculture America '99; Tampa, FL -- The annual conference of the U.S. Chapter of the World Aquaculture Society and the National Aquaculture Association, January, 1999. Book of Abstracts, p. 217.
See publication; Sustainable aquaculture in the twenty-first century.
Reviews in Fisheries Science, 8(2): 141-150. 2000.

RECREATIONAL FISH PRODUCTION.
As: Managing recreational fish ponds. World Aquaculture, 23(2): 41-47. 

BASS-TILAPIA POLYCULTURE
Presented as: Polyculture of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) with blue tilapia (Tilapia aurea): using tilapia progeny as forage. The annual meeting of the U.S. Chapter of the World Aquaculture Society, Hilton Head, SC. Abstract, p. 56. 1993. (Unpublished Manuscript)

VERTEBRATE & FISH EVOLUTION: WHY CAN SOME FISH LIVE IN FRESH WATER, SOME IN SALT WATER, AND SOME IN BOTH?
World Aquaculture, 29(1): 65.
Also as: Why do some fish normally live in freshwater and others in saltwater? How can some fish adapt to both?
Scientific American: Ask the Experts: Biology. http://www.sciam.com, 1/19/98: 3-4.

USING SALT TO REDUCE HANDLING STRESS IN CHANNEL CATFISH
World Aquaculture, 26(3): 80-81.

OSMOREGULATION, RED DRUM, AND EURYHALINE FISH:  ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY
In:  An evaluation of specific ionic and growth parameters affecting the feasibility of commercially producing red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus).  Doctoral dissertation.  Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.  1987.

MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY, CALCIUM, AND OSMOTIC PRESSURE
In:  An evaluation of specific ionic and growth parameters affecting the feasibility of commercially producing red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus).  Doctoral dissertation.  Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.  1987.

RESPONSES OF RED DRUM (SCIAENOPS OCELLATUS) TO CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM CONCENTRATIONS IN FRESH AND SALT WATER.
Aquaculture, 76: 21-35.

EFFECTS OF BICARBONATE ALKALINITY AND CALCIUM ON THE ACUTE TOXICITY OF COPPER TO JUVENILE CHANNEL CATFISH (ICTALURUS PUNCTATUS).
Aquaculture, 125: 73-79.

EFFECTS OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM HARDNESS ON ACUTE COPPER TOXICITY TO JUVENILE CHANNEL CATFISH ICTALURUS PUNCTATUS.
Aquaculture, 172: 275-280.

MANAGING RECREATIONAL FISH PONDS.
World Aquaculture, 23(2): 41-47.

LIMING PONDS FOR AQUACULTURE.
Wurts, W.A. and M.P. Masser. 2004. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4100.

PRACTICALITY OF LIQUID LIME SUSPENSIONS AND PELLETED LIME FOR LIMING PONDS.
World Aquaculture, 45(2): 30-31.

LOW OXYGEN AND POND AERATION.
As: Dealing with oxygen depletion in ponds. World Aquaculture, 24(2): 108-109.

PRODUCTION LIMITS AND POND BIOMASS
In: Sustainable aquaculture in the twenty-first century. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 8(2): pp. 146-147.

DAILY PH CYCLE AND AMMONIA TOXICITY.
World Aquaculture, 34(2):20-21.

MANAGING AMMONIA IN PONDS.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4603.

NITRITE IN FISH PONDS.  
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 462.

FERTILIZING FISH PONDS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 471.

FERTILIZATION OF FISH FRY PONDS 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 469.

ORGANIC FERTILIZATION IN PRODUCTION PONDS
As, Organic fertilization in culture ponds. World Aquaculture, 35(2): 64-65 . 

USE OF COPPER SULFATE (BLUESTONE) FOR ALGAE CONTROL 

AQUATIC WEED MANAGEMENT - HERBICIDES 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 361

AQUATIC WEED MANAGEMENT - CONTROL METHODS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 360

USING GRASS CARP IN AQUACULTURE AND PRIVATE IMPOUNDMENTS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 3600.

WATER GARDENS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 435

CONTROL OF CLAY TURBIDITY IN PONDS.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 460.

RECTANGULAR AIRLIFT PUMP DESIGN
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture, pp. 76-78.

RECTANGULAR AIRLIFT PUMP DESIGN OUTPERFORMS CYLINDRICAL UNITS
Global Aquaculture Advocate, 15(6): 77-78.www.gaalliance.org/mag/2012/Nov-Dec/index.html

PERFORMANCE AND DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRLIFT PUMPS FOR FIELD APPLICATIONS.
World Aquaculture, 25(4): 51-54.

SHUNT BIOFILTERS
Presentation as, Shunt Biofiltration: A Concept and Design for Increasing Capacity.
Aquaculture '04; Honolulu, HI; March 4, 2004. Book of Abstracts, p. 652.

AIRLIFT PUMP DESIGN 
Basic diagrams of 3 airlift pump designs.

AIRLIFT PUMP PERFORMANCE, 3-inch DIAMETER
Water flow at 3 air injection depths.

AIRLIFT PUMP PERFORMANCE, 4-inch DIAMETER 
Water flow at 3 air injection depths.

AIRLIFT PUMP PERFORMANCE, 6-inch DIAMETER
Water flow at 3 air injection depths.

AIRLIFT PUMP DE-STRATIFIER 
Design of an easily constructed airlift de-stratifying pump.

RECTANGULAR AIRLIFT PUMP DESIGN
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture, pp. 76-78.

PERFORMANCE AND DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRLIFT PUMPS FOR FIELD APPLICATIONS.
World Aquaculture, 25(4): 51-54.

SHUNT BIOFILTERS
Presentation as, Shunt Biofiltration: A Concept and Design for Increasing Capacity.
Aquaculture '04; Honolulu, HI; March 4, 2004. Book of Abstracts, p. 652.

RECIRCULATING AQUACULTURE TANK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: AN OVERVIEW OF CRITICAL CONSIDERATIONS.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 451

RECIRCULATING AQUACULTURE TANK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: MANAGEMENT OF RECIRCULATING SYSTEMS.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 452

RECIRCULATING AQUACULTURE TANK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: COMPONENT OPTIONS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 453

RECIRCULATING AQUACULTURE TANK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS: AQUAPONICS -- INTEGRATING FISH AND PLANT CULTURE.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 454

THE ECONOMICS OF RECIRCULATING TANK SYSTEMS: A SPREADSHEET FOR INDIVIDUAL ANALYSIS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 456

AQUACULTURE SITE SELECTION.
World Aquaculture, 23(3): 42-43.

WATERSHED FISH PRODUCTION PONDS.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 102

CONSTRUCTION OF LEVEE PONDS FOR COMMERCIAL CATFISH PRODUCTION
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 101

REPAIRING FISH POND LEVEES
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 104.

RENOVATING LEAKY PONDS.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 105.

SELECTING THE PROPER PUMP
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 372.

PIPING SYSTEMS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 373.

OPEN CHANNEL FLOW IN AQUACULTURE.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 374.

LIVE HAULING CHANNEL CATFISH
Kentucky State University, Division of Aquaculture, Cooperative Extension Program: 27 pp.

USING SALT TO TRANSPORT LIVE FISH 
As: Using salt to reduce handling stress in channel catfish. World Aquaculture, 26(3): 80-81.

SALTS, MEMBRANE PHYSIOLOGY & BIOPHYSICS 
In:  An evaluation of specific ionic and growth parameters affecting the feasibility of commercially producing red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus).  Doctoral dissertation.  Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.  1987.

PURE OXYGEN AND LIVE FISH TRANSPORT 
Kentucky Fish Farming, 3(2).

TRANSPORTING CHANNEL CATFISH FRY AND FINGERLINGS IN PLASTIC BAGS 
World Aquaculture, 24(3): 85. 

TRANSPORTATION OF WARMWATER FISH: EQUIPMENT AND GUIDELINES
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 390

SORTING AND GRADING WARMWATER FISH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 391

TRANSPORTATION OF WARMWATER FISH: PROCEDURES AND LOADING RATES
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 392

TRANSPORTATION OF WARMWATER FISH: LOADING RATES AND TIPS BY SPECIES 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 393

FISH DISEASES: VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC SEPTICEMIA (VHS)
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 201-2009

Wurts, W.A.  2016.  AN ABANDONED MARINE QUARRY: A UNIQUE RESOURCE FOR AQUACULTURE  World Aquaculture, 47(3): 60-63.

PADDLEFISH POLYCULTURE WITH FRESHWATER SHRIMP
World Aquaculture, 41(2): 30-31.  

PLANKTON HARVEST AND POLYCULTURE 
Presented as: Bio-mechanical plankton harvest: a conceptual model for the culture of multiple species. Presented at Aquaculture 2001 -- The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society. Book of Abstracts, p. 704.

MODIFIED POLYCULTURE
In: Sustainable aquaculture in the twenty-first century. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 8(2): pp. 148-149.

BASS-TILAPIA POLYCULTURE.
Presented as: Polyculture of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) with blue tilapia (Tilapia aurea): using tilapia progeny as forage. The annual meeting of the U.S. Chapter of the World Aquaculture Society, Hilton Head, SC. Abstract, p. 56. 1993. (Unpublished Manuscript)

POLYCULTURE OF RED DRUM WITH BLUE TILAPIA AND RED SWAMP CRAWFISH 
In:  An evaluation of specific ionic and growth parameters affecting the feasibility of commercially producing red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus).  Doctoral dissertation.  Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.  1987.

FARMING ALGAL FUEL: ECONOMICS CHALLENGE PROCESS POTENTIAL.
Global Aquaculture Advocate, 13(4): 71-73 (July/August) -- www.gaalliance.org/mag/2010/Jul-Aug/pageflip.html

GROWING MICROALGAE TO FEED BIVALVE LARVAE (http://www.nrac.umd.edu/factsheets/fact160.html
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Fact Sheet No. 160

PHYTOPLANKTON CULTURE FOR AQUACULTURE FEED 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 5004

ALGAL CULTURES (http://web.biosci.utexas.edu/utex/
The Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Texas at Austin

ALGAL TOXINS IN POND AQUACULTURE 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4605 

AQUATIC PLANT CULTURE  
Rutgers Cooperative Research & Extension, Fact Sheet FS535

WATER GARDENS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 435

Identification

http://aquaplant.tamu.edu/plant-identification/
http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu

Control
USE OF COPPER SULFATE (BLUESTONE) FOR ALGAE CONTROL 
AQUATIC WEED MANAGEMENT - HERBICIDES
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 361

AQUATIC WEED MANAGEMENT - CONTROL METHODS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 360

AQUATIC WEED MANAGEMENT: HERBICIDE SAFETY, TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATION TECHNIQUES 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 3601

USING GRASS CARP IN AQUACULTURE AND PRIVATE IMPOUNDMENTS.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 3600.

PRODUCING JUVENILE RED DRUM 
Professional Internship (WFS) 684, Texas A&M University -- Final Report, July 1981

RESPONSES OF RED DRUM (SCIAENOPS OCELLATUS) TO CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM CONCENTRATIONS IN FRESH AND SALT WATER.
Aquaculture, 76: 21-35.

GROWTH RATES OF JUVENILE RED DRUM (SCIAENOPS OCELLATUS) REARED ON COMMERCIAL SALMON FEED IN FRESH AND SALT WATER.
Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 24(3): 422-424.

POLYCULTURE OF RED DRUM WITH BLUE TILAPIA AND RED SWAMP CRAWFISH
In:  An evaluation of specific ionic and growth parameters affecting the feasibility of commercially producing red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus).  Doctoral dissertation.  Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.  1987.

OSMOREGULATION, RED DRUM, AND EURYHALINE FISH:  ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY 
In:  An evaluation of specific ionic and growth parameters affecting the feasibility of commercially producing red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus).  Doctoral dissertation.  Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.  1987.

MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY, CALCIUM, AND OSMOTIC PRESSURE
In:  An evaluation of specific ionic and growth parameters affecting the feasibility of commercially producing red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus).  Doctoral dissertation.  Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.  1987.

DEVELOPING FEEDING TABLES FOR RED DRUM AND CHANNEL CATFISH. 
1998. Presented as: Developing feeding tables for aquaculture: using channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus and red drum Sciaenops ocellatus as models. Aquaculture '98; Las Vegas, NV -- The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society. Book of Abstracts, p. 589.


RED DRUM: BIOLOGY AND LIFE HISTORY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 320

RED DRUM: SITE SELECTION AND POND CONSTRUCTION
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 321 

RED DRUM: PRODUCTION OF FOOD FISH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 322 

RED DRUM: BROOD STOCK AND HATCHERY PRODUCTION
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 323 

RED DRUM: PRODUCTION OF FINGERLINGS AND STOCKERS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 324

LOW-INPUT SHRIMP FARMING IN KENTUCKY, Macrobrachium rosenbergii
World Aquaculture, 38(4): 44-49. 

AN HYPOTHESIS ON THE LIGHT REQUIREMENTS FOR SPAWNING PENAEID SHRIMP WITH EMPHASIS ON PENAEUS SETIFERUS.
Aquaculture, 41: 93-98.

GROWOUT OF FRESHWATER PRAWNS IN KENTUCKY PONDS
Prawn Production Manual, Kentucky State University, 2002. 

FRESHWATER PRAWNS: BIOLOGY AND LIFE HISTORY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 483

FRESHWATER PRAWNS: POND PRODUCTION AND GROW-OUT
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 484

OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS IN MARINE SHRIMP FARMING.
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 2600 

ACCLIMATING PACIFIC WHITE SHRIMP, Litopenaeus vannamei, TO INLAND, LOW-SALINITY WATERS 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 2601

BAIT SHRIMP CULTURE
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 1201 

AQUACULTURE OF BAIT SHRIMP ON THE GULF COAST
Alabama Cooperative Extension Service, ANR-1299

ALGAL CULTURES (http://www.utex.org/)
The Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Texas at Austin

GROWING MICROALGAE TO FEED BIVALVE LARVAE (http://www.nrac.umd.edu/factsheets/fact160.html)
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Fact Sheet No. 160

ALLIGATORS

ALLIGATOR PRODUCTION: AN INTRODUCTION
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 230

ALLIGATOR PRODUCTION: BREEDING AND EGG INCUBATION
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 231

ALLIGATOR PRODUCTION: GROW-OUT AND HARVEST
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 232


BAITFISH

BAITFISH FARMING IN THE UNITED STATES: A KENTUCKY PERSPECTIVE
World Aquaculture, 31(2): 55-56. 

COMMON FARM-RAISED BAITFISH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 120

BAITFISH: FEEDS AND FEEDING PRACTICES
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 121

BAITFISH PRODUCTION: ENTERPRISE BUDGET
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 122

FEEDING PRACTICES FOR BAITFISH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 123

GROWING BULL MINNOWS FOR BAIT
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 1200


BIGHEAD CARP & BUFFALO

BIGHEAD CARP
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 438

BIGMOUTH BUFFALO
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 723


BULLFROGS & TURTLES

BULLFROG CULTURE
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 436

PET TURTLE PRODUCTION
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 439


COBIA

COBIA
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 7202


CRAWFISH

CRAWFISH PRODUCTION: PRODUCTION ECONOMICS, POND CONSTRUCTION AND WATER SUPPLY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 240

CRAWFISH PRODUCTION: PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND FORAGES
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 241

CRAWFISH: A HEALTHY CHOICE
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 243

AUSTRALIAN RED CLAW CRAYFISH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 244

CRAWFISH PRODUCTION: HARVESTING
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 2400

SEMI-INTENSIVE PRODUCTION OF RED SWAMP CRAWFISH IN EARTHEN PONDS WITH PLANTED FORAGE
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 2401

CRAWFISH AQUACULTURE – MARKETING
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 2402

PROCAMBRID CRAWFISH: LIFE HISTORY AND BIOLOGY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 2403


FLOUNDER & GROUPER

GROUPER AQUACULTURE
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 721

SOUTHERN FLOUNDER 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 726


GOLDFISH & KOI 

SPECIES PROFILE: KOI AND GOLDFISH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 7201


HYBRID STRIPED BASS

HYBRID STRIPED BASS: BIOLOGY AND LIFE HISTORY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 300

HYBRID STRIPED BASS: HATCHERY PHASE
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 301

HYBRID STRIPED BASS: FINGERLING PRODUCTION IN PONDS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 302

HYBRID STRIPED BASS: POND PRODUCTION OF FOODFISH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 303

IMPROVING FEEDS FOR HYBRID STRIPED BASS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 304

HYBRID STRIPED BASS: PRODUCTION IN PONDS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 3000


LARGEMOUTH BASS

LARGEMOUTH BASS: BIOLOGY AND LIFE HISTORY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 200

CULTURE OF LARGEMOUTH BASS FINGERLINGS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 201

SPECIES PROFILE: LARGEMOUTH BASS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 722

BASS-TILAPIA POLYCULTURE.
Presented as: Polyculture of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) with blue tilapia (Tilapia aurea): using tilapia progeny as forage. The annual meeting of the U.S. Chapter of the World Aquaculture Society, Hilton Head, SC. Abstract, p. 56. 1993. (Unpublished Manuscript)


MOLLUSKS

CULTIVATING THE AMERICAN OYSTER, Crassostrea virginica
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 432

EXTENSIVE CULTURE OF CRASSOSTREA VIRGINICA IN THE GULF OF MEXICO REGION
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4300

OYSTER HATCHERY TECHNIQUES
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4302

AQUACULTURED OYSTER PRODUCTS: INSPECTION, QUALITY, HANDLING, STORAGE, SAFETY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 434

BIOLOGY AND CULTURE OF THE HARD CLAM (Mercenaria mercenaria)
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 433

HARD CLAM HATCHERY AND NURSERY PRODUCTION
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4301

BIOLOGY OF THE ATLANTIC JACK KNIFE (RAZOR) CLAM (Ensis directus)
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 217-2010.

QUEEN CONCH, Strombus gigas
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 7203

MUSSEL CULTURE IN THE NORTHEAST
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 211-2010.

BIOLOGY OF THE BAY SCALLOP
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 213-2010.

HATCHERY CULTURE OF THE BAY SCALLOP
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 214-2010.

NURSERY CULTURE OF THE BAY SCALLOP
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 215-2010.

GROW-OUT CULTURE OF THE BAY SCALLOP
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 216-2010.

GROWING MICROALGAE TO FEED BIVALVE LARVAE (http://www.nrac.umd.edu/factsheets/fact160.html)
Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, Fact Sheet No. 160

ALGAL CULTURES (http://web.biosci.utexas.edu/utex/)
The Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Texas at Austin


PADDLEFISH & STURGEON

PRODUCTION OF PADDLEFISH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 437

SPECIES PROFILE: PRODUCTION OF STURGEON
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 7200


SNAPPER

SPECIES PROFILE: MUTTON SNAPPER 
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 725


SUNFISH & FORAGE SPECIES

FORAGE SPECIES: RANGE, DESCRIPTION AND LIFE HISTORY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 140

FORAGE SPECIES: PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 141

FORAGE SPECIES: RETURN ON INVESTMENT
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 142

SPECIES PROFILE: SUNFISH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 724


TILAPIA

TILAPIA: A POTENTIAL SPECIES FOR KENTUCKY FISH FARMS
Kentucky Fish Farming, 12(1): 6 

POND CULTURE OF TILAPIA
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 280

CAGE CULTURE OF TILAPIA
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 281

TILAPIA TANK CULTURE
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 282

TILAPIA: LIFE HISTORY AND BIOLOGY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 283

BASS-TILAPIA POLYCULTURE.
Presented as: Polyculture of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) with blue tilapia (Tilapia aurea): using tilapia progeny as forage. The annual meeting of the U.S. Chapter of the World Aquaculture Society, Hilton Head, SC. Abstract, p. 56. 1993. (Unpublished Manuscript)


TROUT

TROUT PRODUCTION: HANDLING EGGS AND FRY
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 220

ESTIMATED BUDGETS FOR TROUT PRODUCTION: COSTS AND RETURNS FOR TROUT FARMING IN THE SOUTH
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 221

TROUT FARMING: CARRYING CAPACITY AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 222

TROUT PRODUCTION: FEEDS AND FEEDING METHODS
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 223

RAINBOW TROUT
Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 224

Regional Aquaculture Centers and the FAO 

Southern Regional Aquaculture Center
AQUACULTURE FACT SHEETS (http://srac.tamu.edu)

Center for Tropical and Subtropical  Aquaculture
PUBLICATIONS (http://www.ctsa.org/index.php/publications)

North Central Regional Aquaculture Center
PUBLICATIONS (http://www.ncrac.org/node/295)

Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center
PUBLICATIONS (http://www.nrac.umd.edu/publications/index.cfm)

Western Regional Aquaculture Center
PUBLICATIONS (http://www.fish.washington.edu/wrac/) 

FAO: Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
CULTURED AQUATIC SPECIES FACT SHEETS 
(
http://www.fao.org/fi/website/FISearch.do?dom=culturespecies)

Catfish Food Conversion Ratios, Feeding Rates and Growth
Presentation at Aquaculture America 2014; Seattle, WA; February 13, 2014. Book of Abstracts, p. 555.
(click here for Abstract)

Rectangular Airlift Pumps (PDF 5.1MB)
Presentation at the 9th International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture; Roanoke, VA (08/24/12) and at Aquaculture 2013; Nashville, TN (02/23/13).

(click here for Article)

Basic Aquaculture --Training seminar (60 min) for the National Guard ADT workshop held in Frankfort, KY via Adobe Connect (05/30/12).

Channel Catfish Growth in Single and Multiple Batch Production -- (PDF 4.1 MB)
Presentation at the Catfish Research Symposium: Catfish Farmers of America; Savannah, GA, February 2012 and at Aquaculture 2012; Las Vegas, NV; March, 2012. Book of Abstracts, p. 497.

(click here for Article)

Sustainable Small-Scale Catfish Farming -- (PDF 3.1 MB)
Presentation at: Aquaculture 2011; New Orleans, LA; March, 2011. Book of Abstracts, p. 497.

(click here for Abstract)

Establishing a Pond -- Pond Management (PDF 9.5 MB)
Presented at: Ohio River Valley Woodlands and Wildlife Workshop, General Butler State Resort Park, KY, 03/26/2011.
Updated from: 2010 Fall ANR Update, for all Ag & Natural Resource and Horticulture County Extension Agents, Winchester, KY, 10/19/2010.

Home-Use Catfish and Shrimp Farming --  (PDF 3.8 MB)
Presentation at Pond Management: Home-Use and Recreational Aquaculture Workshop, Frankfort, KY, 3/12/2011.
Click here for (Catfish Article) & (Shrimp Article)

Water Quality: pH, Liming and Oxygen -- (PDF 2.0 MB)
Presentation at Pond Management: Home-Use and Recreational Aquaculture Workshop, Frankfort, KY, 3/12/2011.
Click here for 
(Liming Fact Sheet) & (pH, Alkalinity, Hardness Fact Sheet)

Harvesting Ponds --  (PDF 4.2 MB)
Presentation at Pond Management: Home-Use and Recreational Aquaculture Workshop, Frankfort, KY, 3/12/2011.

Algae, Copper Sulfate & Alkalinity + Common Aquatic Weeds -- (PDF 9.2 MB)
Presentation at Aquatic Weed Control In-Service Training, Frankfort, KY, 3/11/2011 & Princeton, KY 2/11/11 .
Click here for (Copper Sulfate Article
& (Liming Fact Sheet)

Pond Management 
Presented at: 2010 Fall ANR Update, for all Ag and Natural Resource and Horticulture County Extension Agents, Winchester, KY, 10/19/2010.

Farming Algal Fuel: An Aquaculture Production Perspective -- (PDF 1.2 MB)
Presentation at: Aquaculture 2010; San Diego, CA; March 4, 2010. Book of Abstracts, p. 1105
 . 
Also presented as: distance learning seminar for the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, 04-21-09.
(click here for Article)

Sustainable Aquaculture: The Changing Horizon -- (PDF 578 KB)
Presentation at: Aquaculture 2010; San Diego, CA; March 2, 2010. Book of Abstracts, p. 1104
 .
(click here for Abstract)

Salt Use to Reduce Stress (Live Fish Transport)
Presentation at: Aquaculture 2010; San Diego, CA; March 4, 2010. Book of Abstracts, p. 1107.
(click here for Article)

Low Input Aquaculture
Presentation at: Aquaculture 2010; San Diego, CA; March 4, 2010. Book of Abstracts, p. 1106
 .

Small-Scale Aquaculture: Return on an Investment
Presentation at Aquaculture America 2009; Seattle, WA; February 18, 2009. Book of Abstracts, p. 379. 
(click here for Abstract)

Top 10 Aquatic Weeds (in KY)
Presented at: 2008 Fall ANR Update, for all Ag and Natural Resource and Horticulture County Extension Agents, in Winchester, KY, 10/22/2008.

Polyculture of Paddlefish Polyodon spathula in Ponds Used for Low-Input Production of Freshwater Shrimp Macrobrachium rosenbergii
Presented at: Aquaculture America 2008, Feb. 10, Orlando, FL. Book of Abstracts, p. 439.

(click here for Article)

Cooperative Extension: Research & Technology vs. Reality
Presented at: Aquaculture America 2008, Feb. 10, Orlando, FL.

Low-input Shrimp Farming in Kentucky Macrobrachium rosenbergii
Presentation at: Aquaculture '07; San Antonio, TX; March 2, 2007. Book of Abstracts, p. 1008.
(click here for Article)

Low Input Shrimp Farming in Kentucky, 2002-2004 Macrobrachium rosenbergii
Presentation at Aquaculture America 2006. Las Vegas, NV; February 14, 2006. Book of Abstracts, p. 357.
(click here for Newsletter Article)

Low Input Aquaculture
Presentation at the annual meeting of the Kentucky Aquaculture Association, February, 2006. Click on the following links for articles about low-input shrimp or catfish farming.

Using Salt for Live Fish Transport
Presentation at Aquaculture America 2005 in the Special Session: Live Transport of Aquatic Organisms. New Orleans, LA; January 20, 2005. Book of Abstracts, p. 499.
(click here for Article)

Transporting Channel Catfish Fry and Eggs
Presentation at Aquaculture America 2005 in the Special Session: Live Transport of Aquatic Organisms. New Orleans, LA; January 20, 2005. Book of Abstracts, p. 500.
(click here for Article)

Shunt Biofiltration: A Concept and Design for Increasing Capacity
Presentation at: Aquaculture '04; Honolulu, HI; March 4, 2004. Book of Abstracts, p. 652.
(click here for Abstract)

Low-input Shrimp Farming Macrobrachium rosenbergii
Presentation at: Aquaculture '04; Honolulu, HI; March 4, 2004. Book of Abstracts, p. 652.

Challenges for Producing Channel Catfish in KY 
(presented at Aquaculture America, February 2003, Louisville, KY; Book of Abstracts, p. 338)

Stabilizing Water Quality for the Production of Freshwater Shrimp 
(presented at Aquaculture America, February 2003, Louisville, KY; Book of Abstracts, p. 338)

Small Scale Channel Catfish Farming 
(presented at Aquaculture America, January 2002, San Diego, CA; Book of Abstracts, p. 369)

Plankton Harvest: Recycling Waste Nutrients to Improve Yield and Sustainability 
(presented as "Bio-mechanical Plankton Harvest: A Conceptual Model for the Culture of Multiple Species" at Aquaculture, January 2001, Orlando FL; Book of Abstracts, p. 704)

Developing Feeding Tables for Aquaculture: Using Red Drum and Channel Catfish as Models
(presented at Aquaculture '98; Las Vegas, NV Book of Abstracts, p. 589.
(click here for Abstract)

AN HYPOTHESIS ON THE LIGHT REQUIREMENTS FOR SPAWNING PENAEID SHRIMP WITH EMPHASIS ON PENAEUS SETIFERUS.
1984. Aquaculture, 41: 93-98.


RESPONSES OF RED DRUM (SCIAENOPS OCELLATUS) TO CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM CONCENTRATIONS IN FRESH AND SALT WATER.
1989. Aquaculture, 76: 21-35.


GROWTH RATES OF JUVENILE RED DRUM (SCIAENOPS OCELLATUS) REARED ON COMMERCIAL SALMON FEED IN FRESH AND SALT WATER.
1993. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 24(3): 422-424.


EFFECTS OF BICARBONATE ALKALINITY AND CALCIUM ON THE ACUTE TOXICITY OF COPPER TO JUVENILE CHANNEL CATFISH (ICTALURUS PUNCTATUS).
1994. Aquaculture, 125: 73-79.


DEVELOPING FEEDING TABLES FOR RED DRUM AND CHANNEL CATFISH.
1998. Presented as: Developing feeding tables for aquaculture: using channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus and red drum Sciaenops ocellatus as models. Aquaculture '98; Las Vegas, NV -- The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society. Book of Abstracts, p. 589.

EFFECTS OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM HARDNESS ON ACUTE COPPER TOXICITY TO JUVENILE CHANNEL CATFISH ICTALURUS PUNCTATUS.
1999. Aquaculture, 172: 275-280.


SUSTAINABLE AQUACULTURE: CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS
Presented at Aquaculture America '99; Tampa, FL -- The annual conference of the U.S. Chapter of the World Aquaculture Society and the National Aquaculture Association, January, 1999. Book of Abstracts, p. 217.
See publication; Sustainable aquaculture in the twenty-first century.
Reviews in Fisheries Science, 8(2): 141-150. 2000


PLANKTON HARVEST AND POLYCULTURE
Presented as: Bio-mechanical plankton harvest: a conceptual model for the culture of multiple species. Presented at Aquaculture 2001 -- The international triennial conference and exposition of the World Aquaculture Society, the National Shellfisheries Association and the Fish Culture Section of the American Fisheries Society. Book of Abstracts, p. 704. 


SHUNT BIOFILTRATION: A CONCEPT AND DESIGN FOR INCREASING CAPACITY
Presentation at: Aquaculture '04; Honolulu, HI; March 4, 2004. Book of Abstracts, p. 652.

LOW-INPUT SHRIMP FARMING Machrobrachium rosenbergii
Presentation at: Aquaculture '04; Honolulu, HI; March 4, 2004. Book of Abstracts, p. 652.